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春节期间烟花爆竹燃放对哈尔滨市区空气质量的影响
Influence of Burning Fireworks on Air Quality During the Spring Festival in Harbin City
投稿时间:2017-06-21  修订日期:2017-08-28
DOI:10.19316/j.issn.1002-6002.2018.05.08
中文关键词:  哈尔滨  春节  烟花爆竹  空气质量
英文关键词:Harbin  the Spring Festival  fireworks  air quality
基金项目:黑龙江省科学技术厅科技成果(9232016Y0563,9232017Y0132)
作者单位
陈威 黑龙江省环境监测中心站, 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150056 
邢延峰 黑龙江省环境监测中心站, 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150056 
孟庆庆 黑龙江省环境监测中心站, 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150056 
王鹏杰* 黑龙江省环境监测中心站, 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150056 
通讯作者:王鹏杰*  黑龙江省环境监测中心站, 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150056  
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中文摘要:
      为研究烟花爆竹燃放对哈尔滨市区空气质量的影响,及时捕捉污染过程的变化趋势并分析污染的成因,2016年2月7-9日对哈尔滨市区内4个监测点位(省监测站、松北商大、动力和平路和省农科院)颗粒物浓度变化趋势进行解析,同时结合单颗粒气溶胶飞行质谱仪、3D可视激光雷达等相关仪器分析结果进一步确定污染成因。结果表明,连续监测期间4个监测点位均出现重度污染时段,且与除夕夜烟花爆竹集中燃放时间高度吻合,说明烟花爆竹的集中燃放会在短时间内造成严重的大气污染;同时烟花爆竹的燃放会对颗粒物化学组分造成明显的影响,受影响最大的是Mg2+和Cl-,且在燃放期有机碳、元素碳、混合碳占比升高。
英文摘要:
      In order to study the effect of fireworks on air quality in Harbin,capture the changing trend of pollution process and analyze the cause of pollution in time,on February 7-9 of 2016,the variation trend of particle concentration in four monitoring sites (provincial monitoring station,commercial university in Songbei,peace road in Dongli,provincial academy of agricultural sciences) in Harbin city was analyzed,the causes of pollution were further confirmed combined with single particle aerosol flight mass spectrometer,3D visible laser radar and related instrument analysis results. The results showed that during the continuous monitoring period,severe pollution periods occurred in four monitoring sites,and had highly consistent with set off time of fireworks on New Year's Eve,indicated that Intensive set off fireworks will cause serious air pollution in a short period of time; meanwhile,the discharge of fireworks will significantly impact the chemical composition of particulate matter,especially for Mg2+ and Cl-. And the proportion of organic carbon,elemental carbon and mixed carbon increased during the discharge period.
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